Allan Begbie Campbell

Allan Begbie Campbell

Male 1889 - 1917  (28 years)

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  • Name Allan Begbie Campbell 
    Born 29 Jan 1889  Woollahra, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    War Service 28 Apr 1915  Liverpool, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5
    Allan Begbie Campbell, Regimental Number 918 enlisted in the 12th Light Horse Regiment on 28 April 1915 at Liverpool New South Wales, Australia.
    He embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A54 Runic on 9 August 1915 as part of the 12 Light Horse Regiment, 3rd Reinforcements.

    The 12th Light Horse Regiment was raised, as part of the 4th Light Horse Brigade, at Liverpool, New South Wales, on 1 March 1915. It sailed from Australia in two contingents in June 1915. The first contingent put in at Aden on 12 July to reinforce the British garrison there against a predicted enemy attack; they only left their ship for a single route march, and sailed again on 18 July without having seen action.

    The regiment was reunited in Egypt on 23 July 1915 and began training as infantry, having been ordered to leave its horses in Australia. A month later it deployed to Gallipoli. The regiment was again split up, to reinforce three light horse regiments already ashore - A Squadron went to the 1st Light Horse Regiment, B Squadron to the 7th, and C Squadron to the 6th.

    Allan was transfered to the 1st Light Horse Regiment, Gallipoli on 13 November 1915 and evacuated from Gallipoli on 27 December 1915.
    He rejoined the 12th Light Horse Regiment in Heliopolis, Egypt on 22 February 1916
    The 12th Australian Light Horse Regiment was reunited on 22 February 1916, by which time all of the AIF troops from Gallipoli had returned to Egypt.

    Returning to its mounted role, the 12th Light Horse joined the forces defending the Suez Canal on 14 May 1916. In ensuing months it conducted patrols and participated in several forays out into the Sinai Desert. In April 1917 the regiment moved into Palestine to join the main British and dominion advance. It joined its first major battle on 19 April when it attacked, dismounted, as part of the ill-fated second battle of Gaza.

    On 19th April 1917, Allan was killed in the Second battle of Gaza. Statements made by troopers witnessing his death state that his Squadron was in extended order, attacking right flank of Gaza, "Atawineh Redoubt" about 8 am on 19th April 1917. He was shot about the body, falling from his horse, instantly Killed. His body was never recovered and his burial place is unknown. 
    World War 1 Military Service Record - 918 Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell
    World War 1 Military Service Record - 918 Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell
    Allan enlisted in the 12th Light Horse Regiment on 28th April 1915 at Liverpool, New South Wales Australia and served until his death during the Second Battle of Gaza on 19 April 1917.
    World War 1 Nominal Roll - 918 Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell
    World War 1 Nominal Roll - 918 Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell
    918 Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell embarked at Sydney, New South Wales on HMAT A54 "Runic", 9th August 1915 as part of the 12th Light Horse regiment, 3rd reinforcements.
    H.M.A.T A54 Runic
    H.M.A.T A54 Runic
    The HMAT A54 Runic weighed 12,490 tons with an average cruise speed of 13 knots or 24.07 kmph. It was owned by the Oceanic SN Co Ltd, Liverpool, and leased by the Commonwealth until 27 November 1917.

    Second Battle of Gaza
    Second Battle of Gaza
    Map of the Second battle of Gaza, Palestine, now Israel main operation 19th april 1917.
    Second Battle of Gaza 19th April 1917
    Second Battle of Gaza 19th April 1917
    Map of the Second Battle of Gaza, Main Operations of 19th April 1917, situation at 10:30am.
    Died 19 Apr 1917  Atawieneh Redoubt, Gaza, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 8
    • Allan was killed in action on 19 April 1917, which was the beginning of the second attempt to capture Gaza and is know as the Second Battle of Gaza. The main attack was from the front supported by six tanks and 2000 gas shells, with the camel corps and imperial mounted division attacking on foot further east and the Anzac Mounted Division (which Allan was with)further to the south east, protecting the inland flank.

      The battle went all day and the Turks were well entrenched. At sunset the British attack was broken off . The British suffered some 6000 casualties, with the majority being inflicted on the infantry.

      The red cross reports state that The 12th Light Horse were attacking Gaza "Atawieneh Redoubt" at about 8 am 19 April 1917 and Allan was about fifteen yards from Sgt W McCarthy 12th L.H. who states "he was shot about the body, fell and was instantly killed", falling down a well.

      Sgt Peacock 12 L.h. Stated "it was on the Alimintur Ridge, Gaza that he was shot by a bullet and died instantly." [6, 7]
    Australian Red Cross Society Wounded and Missing Enquiry bureau files, 1914-18 War 1DRL/0428.  918 Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell 12 Light Horse
    Australian Red Cross Society Wounded and Missing Enquiry bureau files, 1914-18 War 1DRL/0428. 918 Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell 12 Light Horse
    Red Cross Wounded and Missing Enquiry - 918 Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell. 12th Light Horse
    Commonwealth War Graves Certificate - Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell
    Commonwealth War Graves Certificate - Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell
    In Memory of Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell 918, 12th Australian Light Horse who died on 19 April 1917 age 28.
    Buried 19 Apr 1917  Jerusalem Memorial, Jerusalem War Cemetery, Jerusalem, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 10, 11, 12
    • Allan's grave was never relocated and his remains were not buried in any Cemetery.

      The Jerusalem Memorial, stands within the Jerusalem War cemetery, commemorating 3,300 commonwealth Servicemen who died during the First World War in operations in Egypt or Palestine and who have no known grave.

      Allan's name appears on the upper side of Panel 58 of the Jerusalem Memorial,Jerusalem War Cemetery, Israel. [9]
    Plan of the Jerusalem Memorial
    Plan of the Jerusalem Memorial
    The Jerusalem Memorial is located within the Jerusalem War Graves Cemetery.
    Cemetery Details - The Jerusalem Memorial
    Cemetery Details - The Jerusalem Memorial
    The Jerusalem Memorial stands within the Jerusalem War Cemetery 4.5 kilometers north of the walled city and is situated on the neck of land at the north end of the Mount of Olives to the west of Mount Scpous.
    Grave Registration Document - 918 Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell
    Grave Registration Document - 918 Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell
    Jerusalem Memorial, Index No. MR34 Part One A-l page 35 - Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell
    Panel 58 Upper and Lower, Jerusalem Memorial, Jerusalem War Cemetery
    Panel 58 Upper and Lower, Jerusalem Memorial, Jerusalem War Cemetery
    Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell appears on Panel 58 Upper
    Jerusalem Memorial - Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell
    Jerusalem Memorial - Lance Corporal Allan Begbie Campbell
    Allan appears on the upper section of Panel 58. The memorial is dedicated to the 3,300 soldiers who fought and died in Egypt and Palestine during WW1, whose bodies were never recover and buried.
    Plot: Panel 58, upper half
    Military Honours 1921  Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [13
    Allan Bigbe Campbell was awarded 1914/15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal and Anzac Medal posthumously. His father, Alfred Branch Campbell. 
    At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.
    At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.
    At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.
    At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.
    Person ID I11814  Tucker Family Tree | Campbell Family Tree
    Last Modified 4 Jul 2016 

    Father Alfred Branch Campbell,   b. 18 Jun 1853, Ashfield, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Aug 1946, Private Hospital, Concord, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 93 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Emily Maria Begbie,   b. 11 Mar 1863, Coonoor, India Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Sep 1893, Woollarah, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 30 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 15 Jan 1881  St Michaels Anglican Church, Surrey Hills, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [14, 15
    Marriage of Alfred Branch Campbell and Emily Maria Begbie
    Marriage of Alfred Branch Campbell and Emily Maria Begbie
    Alfred Branch Campbell and Emily Maria Begbie were married at St Michael's Anglican Church, Surry Hills by Canon King, M.A. and assisted by Alfred's brother Rev Joseph Campbell, B.A.

    The Marriage notice was published in the Sydney Morning Herald, Wednesday 2 February 1881, Page 1.
    St Michaels Anglican Church, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia
    St Michaels Anglican Church, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia
    St Michaels Anglican Church is located at 198 Albion Street, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia.

    St Michael’s Church has been Christian Hope for Every Resident in Surry Hills since 1854. Apart from one Sunday years ago when the police blocked off the area, there has been a service here every week. But we’re more than just Sunday, we’re a community that is active seven days a week.
    Family ID F3664  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 29 Jan 1889 - Woollahra, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsWar Service - Allan Begbie Campbell, Regimental Number 918 enlisted in the 12th Light Horse Regiment on 28 April 1915 at Liverpool New South Wales, Australia. He embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A54 Runic on 9 August 1915 as part of the 12 Light Horse Regiment, 3rd Reinforcements. The 12th Light Horse Regiment was raised, as part of the 4th Light Horse Brigade, at Liverpool, New South Wales, on 1 March 1915. It sailed from Australia in two contingents in June 1915. The first contingent put in at Aden on 12 July to reinforce the British garrison there against a predicted enemy attack; they only left their ship for a single route march, and sailed again on 18 July without having seen action. The regiment was reunited in Egypt on 23 July 1915 and began training as infantry, having been ordered to leave its horses in Australia. A month later it deployed to Gallipoli. The regiment was again split up, to reinforce three light horse regiments already ashore - A Squadron went to the 1st Light Horse Regiment, B Squadron to the 7th, and C Squadron to the 6th. Allan was transfered to the 1st Light Horse Regiment, Gallipoli on 13 November 1915 and evacuated from Gallipoli on 27 December 1915. He rejoined the 12th Light Horse Regiment in Heliopolis, Egypt on 22 February 1916 The 12th Australian Light Horse Regiment was reunited on 22 February 1916, by which time all of the AIF troops from Gallipoli had returned to Egypt. Returning to its mounted role, the 12th Light Horse joined the forces defending the Suez Canal on 14 May 1916. In ensuing months it conducted patrols and participated in several forays out into the Sinai Desert. In April 1917 the regiment moved into Palestine to join the main British and dominion advance. It joined its first major battle on 19 April when it attacked, dismounted, as part of the ill-fated second battle of Gaza. On 19th April 1917, Allan was killed in the Second battle of Gaza. Statements made by troopers witnessing his death state that his Squadron was in extended order, attacking right flank of Gaza, "Atawineh Redoubt" about 8 am on 19th April 1917. He was shot about the body, falling from his horse, instantly Killed. His body was never recovered and his burial place is unknown. - 28 Apr 1915 - Liverpool, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 19 Apr 1917 - Atawieneh Redoubt, Gaza, Israel Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Honours - Allan Bigbe Campbell was awarded 1914/15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal and Anzac Medal posthumously. His father, Alfred Branch Campbell. - 1921 - Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Trooper Allan Begbie Campbell
    Trooper Allan Begbie Campbell
    Caption on back of photo "Trooper Allan Begbie Campbell, No. 908, AB Campbell, July 1915, Sydney NSW Australia"
    Alan Begbie Campbell - Heliopolis, Egypt
    Alan Begbie Campbell - Heliopolis, Egypt
    Allan Begbie Campbell 22 October 1915 - Heliopolis, Egypt
    Notes on the back: Photo October 22nd 1915. Heliopolis, Egypt. Allan Begbie Campbell 3/12th A.L.H (red 21)


  • Sources 
    1. [S114] David Sharp (Reliability: 3), 29 Jan 1889.
      B. 29 January 1889, Woollahra, New South Wales.

    2. [S64] World War I Military Service Record, Australian Government, (Australian National Archives), 1-60 (Reliability: 3), 28 Apr 1915.
      See attached WW1 Military Service record of Allan
      Begbie Campbell.

    3. [S307] World War 1 Nominal Roll, 4 (Reliability: 3), 9 Aug 1915.
      See attached attached World War One Nominal Roll page 4 4th Light Horse Brigade, 12 Light Horse Regiment, 3rd Reinforcements 9th August 1915 - Allan Bigbie Campbell Rgt No. 918

    4. [S202] Australian War Memorial (Reliability: 3), 4 Jul 2016.
      12th Australian Light Horse Regiment - War History - https://www.awm.gov.au/unit/U51046/

    5. [S202] Australian War Memorial, 1-8 (Reliability: 3), 15 Jul 1919.
      Australian Red Cross Society Wounded and Missing Enquiry Bureau files, 1914-18 War 1DRL/0428 - 918 Lance corporal Allan Begbie Campbell 12th Light Horse

    6. [S306] Australian Red Cross Society Wounded and Missing Qnquiry Bureau Files (Reliability: 2), 15 Jul 1919.
      See attached Red Cross Report

    7. [S32] Veteran Affairs, 19 Apr 1917.
      Australians in World War 1: Australian Light Horse - Palestine 1916-1918 chapter 6: The Second Battle of Gaza.

    8. [S306] Australian Red Cross Society Wounded and Missing Qnquiry Bureau Files (Reliability: 3).
      See attached copy of Red Cross Report

    9. [S48] Commonwealth War Graves Commission (Reliability: 3), 21 Nov 1917.
      See attached cemetery details for Jerusalem Monument and Jerusalem War Cemetery.

    10. [S48] Commonwealth War Graves Commission, 35 (Reliability: 3).
      Index No. M.R.34 Jerusalem Memorial Part One A-l page 35 LCpl Allan Begbie Campbell 918 12th Australian Light Horse Rgt.

    11. [S48] Commonwealth War Graves Commission (Reliability: 3), 19 Apr 1917.
      Casualty Details Lance corporal 918 Allan Begbie Campbell

    12. [S48] Commonwealth War Graves Commission (Reliability: 3), 4 Jul 2016.
      Cemetery Details - Jerusalem Memorial

    13. [S34] National Archives of Australia, 28 - 33 and 59 (Reliability: 3), 28 Apr 1915.
      See attached Military Service Record of Allan Bigbe Campbell.

    14. [S237] Tony Campbell (Reliability: 3), 15 Jan 1881.
      Married 15 Jan 1881 at St Michaels Church Surry Hills, New South Wales.

    15. [S94] The Sydney Morning Herald, 1 (Reliability: 3), 2 Feb 1881.
      See attached newspaper Marriage Notice


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