James William Thomas McCauley

James William Thomas McCauley

Male 1915 - 1971  (56 years)

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  • Name James William Thomas McCauley 
    • James William Thomas McCauley is the first child of Wilhelmina (Minnie) Augusta Bottcher and James William Edward McCauley. He was born on 3rd March 1915 at Glebe, New South Wales, Australia.

      In 1934 at the age of 19yrs he married Amy Dorothy Goode at Kogarah, New South Wales. Dorothy and James had two children Lorraine born in 1935 and Edward born in 1938.

      James enlisted in the Australian Military Forces on 9th October 1939 at Arncliffe, New South Wales. He was posted to 2/3rd Bn and was initially posted to Liverpool and then Ingleburn for his basic training.
      The 2/3rd Battalion was raised at Victoria Barracks, Sydney on 24 October 1939 as part of the 16th Brigade of the 6th Australian Division. It relocated to the newly-opened Ingleburn Camp on 2 November where it conducted its basic training. On 10 January 1940, it sailed from Sydney and disembarked in Egypt on 14 February.
      After further training in Palestine and Egypt, the 2/3rd took part in its first campaign - the advance against the Italians in eastern Libya - in January 1941. It was involved in the successful attacks at Bardia (3-5 January) and Tobruk (21-22 January), and remained as part of the Tobruk garrison when the advance continued. One company of the 2/3rd was also employed to garrison Derna after its capture by the 19th Brigade on 30 January. The 2/3rd left Tobruk on 7 March, ultimately bound, with the rest of the 6th Division, for Greece.
      Arriving in Greece on 19 March, the 2/3rd was soon deployed north to resist the anticipated German invasion. It occupied positions at Veria on 7 April, but a succession of withdrawals by the Allies in Greece meant that the battalion did not meet the enemy in battle until 18 April - at Tempe (Pinios) Gorge. There, the 2/3rd supported the 2/2nd Battalion and blocked German movement through the gorge, allowing the unhindered withdrawal of Allied forces further south. The 2/3rd itself was forced to withdraw again by nightfall. Its activities in Greece ended with evacuation by sea from Kalamata on 27 April. The bulk of the battalion returned to Palestine, via Egypt, but one group of 141 troops subsequently fought with the 16th Brigade Composite Battalion on Crete, after the transport carrying them away from Greece was sunk.
      On 19 April 1941 at Larissa, Greece James was captured by the Germans.
      Circumstances of Capture as told by James William Thomas McCauley:
      Date 19 April 1941, Place Larissa - Greece.
      Events immediately prior to and leading up to capture:
      HQ Coy, D Coy and possible B Coy of 2/3/ Inf Bn were ordered to fight rear guard action. During heavy bombing Pt M Butt and I were separated from the rest of the crowd. After more bombing we made our way and fell in with a New Zealand convoy, but owing to heavy strafing we all scattered for cover. Later on I found myself alone and surrounded and after firing all my ammunition, surrendered after burying my rifle bolt and mille bomb.
      James became P.O.W. No. 8185 and was taken to Greek Barracks Larissa and stayed there for about 3 weeks. he was transferred to Salonika, working as Medical orderly in Hospital for 5 months. He was transferred to Stalag VIIIB in October 1941 and remained there until May 1944. Stalag VIIIB was later renamed Stalag344. On 24 May 1944 James was named in a Proposed German P.O.W. Exchange, destination North Africa via Barcelona. He arrived in Alexandria on 3rd June 1944. He then sailed for Australia aboard the Hospital Ship Wanganella arriving in Sydney on 29th September 1944. James was discharged Medically Unfit on 3rd April 1945.
      On 21st September 1971 at St James Railway Station, Sydney, James suffered a heart attack and died. His official cause of death was of Myocardial Infarction. He was 56 years old and working as a Library Attendant at the time of his death.
    Born 3 Mar 1915  Glebe, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Residences 1916 
    57 Gladston Street Enmore New South Wales 
    Residences 1918 
    97 Denison Street Newtown New South Wales 
    Residences 1924 
    429 Rocky Point Road Sans Souci New South Wales 
    Residences 1939 
    803 Rocky Point Rd Sans Souci New South Wales 
    War Service 09 Oct 1939  World War II Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James William McCauley enlisted in the AIF 9th October 1939 and served until discharged on 03 April 1945. He was captured in Greece on 19th April 1941 and remained a prisoner of war until repatriated 21 May 1944. 
    World War II Military Service Record of James William Thomas McCauley
    World War II Military Service Record of James William Thomas McCauley
    James McCauley Enlisted in the Australian Military Forces on 9th October 1939 and served until discharged on 3rd April 1945.
    World War II Service - Pte James William Thomas McCauley
    World War II Service - Pte James William Thomas McCauley
    Word War II Service Details of James William Thomas McCauley
    Conditions at Stalag VIIIB Lamsdorf Germany
    Conditions at Stalag VIIIB Lamsdorf Germany
    A Brief History of Stalag VIIB Later renamed Stalag344
    A Brief History of Stalag VIIB Later renamed Stalag344
    James William Thomas McCauley was held as a prisoner of war at this camp.
    James William Thomas McCauley
    James William Thomas McCauley
    This Photo of James McCauley was taken from his Military Service Record
    Residences 1940 
    335 Princes Highway Kogarah New South Wales 
    Military Honours 1945  World Ward II Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James William Thomas McCauley Was awarded : 1939-1945 Star, Africa Star, War Medal 1939-1945, Australian Service Medal 1939-1945 and the return from active service badge A57893 for his service to Australia during World War II. 
    The 1939 - 1945 Star
    The 1939 - 1945 Star
    Awarded for service as follows:
    • Navy - awarded for six months service afloat in areas of active operations from 3 September 1939 to 2 September 1945.
    • Army - awarded for six months service in an operational command during the period 3 September 1939 to 2 September 1945.
    • Air Force - awarded to all aircrew who have taken part in operations against the enemy, subject to at least two months in an operational unit and to all non-air crew who served six months in the area of an Army operational command. A gold rosette worn on the ribbon signifies participation in the Battle of Britain, 1 July 1940 to 31 October 1940.
    • Merchant Marine - awarded under the same conditions as Navy provided that at least one voyage was made through a specified area of active operations.
    Africa Star
    Africa Star
    Africa Star
    Africa Star Obverse

    The Africa Star was granted for operational service in North Africa from the date of the entry of Italy into the war on 10 June 1940, up to the date of the cessation of operations against the enemy in North Africa on 12 May 1943.

    The Africa Star may also be awarded for operational service as a member of the Australian Defence Force during the Syrian Campaign in the period from 8 June 1941 to 11 July 1941. The source document for the amended award conditions for the Africa Star is the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette No S134 dated 10 April 1995.
    The Medal

    The Africa Star is a six–pointed star of yellow copper zinc alloy. The obverse has a central design of the Royal and Imperial cypher, surmounted by a crown. The cypher is surrounded by a circlet containing the words ‘The Africa Star'. Stars issued to Australian personnel have recipient names engraved on the plain reverse.
    The Ribbon

    The Africa Star ribbon colours represent the desert and the service of the Armies, Naval Forces, Merchant Navy and the Air Forces.
    Clasps

    Three clasps were issued for the Africa Star:

    * 8 th Army
    * 1 st Army
    * North Africa 1942-43

    Only one clasp is worn and when the ribbon is worn alone a ribbon emblem, ‘8', ‘1' or silver rosette as appropriate is worn to denote the award of a clasp.
    Eligibility

    This medal is awarded for a minimum of one days operational service in North Africa, west of the Suez Canal between 10 June 1940 and 12 May 1943 and in Syria between 8 June 1941 and 11 July 1941.
    At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.
    The Australian Service Medal 1939 - 1945
    The Australian Service Medal 1939 - 1945
    Awarded for 30 days full-time or 90 days part-time service at home or overseas in the Australian Armed Forces and the Australian Mercantile marine between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945.
    At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.
    Residences 1971 
    216 Lorraine St Peakhurst New South Wales 
    Died 21 Sep 1971  St James Railway Station, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I6254  Tucker Family Tree | Bottcher family tree
    Last Modified 24 Sep 2008 

    Father James William Edward McCauley,   b. Nov 1893, St Peters, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Nov 1918, Abbeville, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 25 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Wilhelmina Augusta Böttcher,   b. 26 Nov 1894, 1 Park Street, Camperdown, Erskinville, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Dec 1964, Sans Souci, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 10 Oct 1914  Methodist Church, Glebe, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F1933  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Amy Dorothy Goode,   d. 1 Jul 1983, Nursing home, late of Bignell St Illawong, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 1934  Kogarah, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Lorraine Dorothy McCauley,   b. 1935,   d. 7 May 1994, Monterey, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years)
     2. E. McCauley
    Family ID F1934  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 3 Mar 1915 - Glebe, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1934 - Kogarah, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 21 Sep 1971 - St James Railway Station, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 


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